One of a kind living creature that can perform multiple task in a given time.
In the workplace, this is what you call multi tasking.
Maximizing your allotted time to do a specific task while performing other side tasks that can be done simultaneously without disrupting the outcome of the job.
It is applicable in everyday life and most, if not all successful people do to get things done.
First, know what needs to be done and think of other task that can be done along the way.
This falls under planning. When you plan, you have a clear view of what things to get done. Set the target and accomplish it. It can be done alone or in team.